Disparities in work and pay at Somerville group home overseer
By Danielle McLean
SOMERVILLE – While the people tasked with caring for clients at Vinfen’s group homes earn not much more than minimum wage and have frequent turnover, the non-profit’s upper management is earning six-figure salaries.
Vinfen’s staffing policies have come under question after Allen Harmon, a resident at the organization’s group home at 155 Central St., was charged with sexual assault and attempted murder after he reportedly attacked a woman in the B’nai Brith parking lot up the road last month. The victim in the alleged assault has sued Vinfen for $5 million in damages, claiming the company’s negligence led to her assault, and residents in the Winter Hill neighborhood had long complained about issues at the home.
Vinfen officials told the Journal that low wages – about $12.75 per hour – for counselors are due to the non-profit’s contract with the state Department of Mental Health, the state organization whose referrals account for nearly all of Vinfen’s more than $100 million income. Senior Vice President of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Susan Abbott said Vinfen has not had a structural cost-of-living adjustment to their contract with the state Department of Mental Health since 1988.
“As in any company, the lower people are paid, the less likely they are to stay. I don’t think we are unusual in that,” Abbott said. “Turnover is an issue for us and low wages is the cause.”
But a Journal review of Vinfen training and employment documents from 2011 show the company only requires high school or GED diplomas for its counselors, who are required to escort, restrain, evaluate, resuscitate clients, who can include convicted criminals with psychiatric disabilities. Several pages of one training document urge employees not to unionize.
State Representative Denise Provost said councilors earn less than what she pays people to clean her house and questioned the company’s pay structure.
“The rate of pay is inadequate. What is the most efficient way to house and provide services for the population served by the Department of Mental Health? I don’t know,” Provost said. “It’s clear we are not going to go back to confining people in hospitals but I would be interested in seeing how the cost of operating the system is broken down.”
Minimal experience, big responsibilities
According to Vinfen training documents obtained by the Journal, group home councilors are charged with a wide-range of responsibilities that essentially dictate the well being of the residents, some of whom have long criminal histories such as Harmon. The documents said councilors are responsible for giving clients medications, transporting clients, giving first aide and CPR, dealing with sexually active clients and protecting their basic human rights.
Documents also said counselors are tasked with helping administer individual support plans for clients, which outlines their goals and vision for their future. Abbott told the Journal those employees are trained to react the same way when a client presents a risk, regardless of their criminal history.
But according to Vinfen documents, the training job requirements for Vinfen group home residential counselors are a high school diploma or GED, and six months of experience in some capacity in the mental health field is preferred but not required. The training documents said no mental health experience is required or preferred for staff members tasked with watching group homes at night, however they are required to have a Massachusetts drivers license and a “good” driving record for three years.
What is not preferred, though, is union representation. Vinfen orientation materials from 2011 urged new hires not to sign a union card, citing large union dues, potentially losing the right vote on union representation, and possibly being forced to go on strike. It also said if the workers unionize, jobs or programs could be cut.
Jason Stephany, spokesman for the Massachusetts Human Service Workers Union, which represents human service workers, said the rate of $12.75 an hour amounts to a “poverty wage.” According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the federal poverty income threshold for a four-family household in 2013 was slightly less than $23,834 per year. At $12.75 per hour, full-time Vinfen employees earn $25,500 per year before taxes, which is slightly above the poverty level.
“Front line human service workers are caring for some of the most vulnerable and at risk populations in the commonwealth,” Stephany told the Journal. “We need to ensure that their compensation, their benefits, and the policies and procedures that are in place, recognize the valuable services these individuals provide for the community.”
More money at the top
Vinfen executives, on the other hand, earn six-figure salaries. According to figures compiled by state Representative James Lyons of Andover, CEO Bruce Bird earned $353,151 in 2013, its former Treasurer Yi J. Jung earned $227,151, and Psychiatrist Kenneth Duckworth earned $205,943. Abbott earned $170,358 in 2013.
Michael Weekes, president and CEO of the Boston-based Providers Council of Health and Human Service Providers Inc. told the Journal the state covers $163,682 of employee’s salaries. The rest is covered by non-state related revenues. Vinfen did not immediately respond to questions from the Journal asking how the remaining amount of Bird’s salary is funded.
The Providers Council is a human service trade association, which Vinfen is a member of. Weekes said employee salaries are decided by the company’s board of directors and comparable to similar positions at other organizations. He said the salary levels of non-profit employees are subject the IRS and state Attorney General’s office review.
Weekes said paying direct care staff higher wages is not tangible, due to a lack of funding by the state. He said a state law passed in 2008 was supposed to provide additional state funds to service providers such as Vinfen, which would help boost salaries. But he said the state has been slow in implementing the law.
Human service providers with the state, “Have historically been low and confining and been restricting service providers across Massachusetts in providing salaries that are truly sufficient wages for the direct care workforce.”